Images Version


Page 1  Page 2  Page 3  Page 4  Page 5  Page 6  Page 7  Page 8  Page 9  Page 10  Page 11  Page 12  Page 13  Page 14  Page 15  Page 16  Page 17  Page 18  Page 19  Page 20  Page 21  Page 22  Page 23  Page 24  Page 25  Page 26  Page 27  Page 28  Page 29  Page 30  Page 31  Page 32  Page 33  Page 34  Page 35  Page 36  Page 37  Page 38  Page 39  Page 40  Page 41  Page 42  Page 43  Page 44  
Page 1Top

Melaka At a Glance is an ebook published on-line for visitors who want to know a wee
bit about historical Melaka. It is a compilation of articles about Melaka, her long history
spanning over 600 years, interesting places, some of her famous people and some detail
maps of getting around Melaka.
For a better understand about Melaka, visitors are invited to visit Melaka firsthand so that
harmoniously over
time and saviour
the different cuisines of the Malaccans such as
Malay, Chinese, Indian, Peranakan, Chitty, Portuguese and other fusion cuisines.
Come and feel the historical City of Melaka.
Mr. T. W. Kang
May 2004

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 2Top

Melaka At a Glance
Table of Contents

Melaka – Where it all Began

A Brief History of Melaka

Chronology of Melaka ( 1400 to 2001 )

The Melaka Sultanate (1401 to 1511 )

Fall of Melaka to the Portuguese – Start of Western Colonisation
Some of Melaka’s Famous Historical Landmarks

A Famosa

St. Paul’s Hill

Stadthuys – The Dutch Square

Cheng Hoon Teng Temple

Bukit China ( Chinese Hill ) & Hang Li Poh’s Well
Some Famous Malaccans

Hang Tuah – Melaka’s Legendary Warrior

Melaka’s Saint – St. Francis Xavier

Munshi Abdullah – Malacca’s famous Malay Scholar

Tan Chay Yan – The Rubber Pioneer of Malacca.

Tun Tan Cheng Lock
Shopping Streets and Shopping Areas in Historical Melaka

Jonker Street – The Antique Street of Melaka

Jalan Kee Ann and Jalan Bunga Raya

Melaka Raya

Bukit Baru
Getting Around Historical Melaka

How to Get to Melaka

Melaka Road Map with Road Directions (2004)

Map of Melaka Chinatown
Tours Around Melaka
Day Tour of Historical Melaka
Published in 2004 by : &
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 3Top

Melaka where it all began
Page 1 of 1
file://D:\eMelaka\Melaka where it all began.html

Melaka where it all began!
Melaka or Malacca, founded by Parameswara, is where the history of Malaysia began some 600 years
ago. Located about 120 km south-east of Kuala Lumpur or about 250 km north-west of Singapore,
Melaka is rich with historical and cultural attractions. A conglomeration of ethnic people and cultures
still reside in Malacca.
A visit to Melaka is a must for foreign & local tourists. Places of interest include the Malay legendary
warrior's mausoleum of Hang Tuah, Hang Tuah's Well, Tun Teja Mausoleum and Malacca's Sultanate
Palace, the Portuguese ruins, A Famosa, The Stadthuys, St. Francis Xavier's Church and Maritime
Traces of the Chinese and Baba and Nyonya's (Peranakan) heritage can be seen around Malacca
Chinatown as well as at the Baba and Nyonya Heritage museum. For the adventurous, visit the Hang
Li Poh's Well and then walk-up the Bukit China to catch the panoramic view of the historic city.
Variety of delicatessens is another Malacca's main attraction. There are the Nyonya, Thai, Chinese,
Indian, Chitty and Portuguese food, in addition to the always delightful Malay cuisine. To experience
heavenly holiday bliss, travellers can also enjoy a tropical island getaway at Pulau Besar and Pulau
Upeh by taking the frequent boat services to the islands.

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 4Top

My Documents\malacca\history
Page 1 of 2
file://D:\tourism melaka\history.html

A Brief History of Melaka
The history of the state of Melaka (originally spelled Malacca) is largely the story of the city for
which it is named. It begins with the fascinating and partly legendary tale of the Hindu prince
The Malay Annals relate that Parameswara was a fourteenth-century Palembang (Sumatra) prince
who, fleeing from a Javanese enemy, escaped to the island of Temasik (present-day Singapore) where
he quickly established himself as its king. Shortly afterward, however, Parameswara was driven out of
Temasik by a Siamese invasion, and with a small band of followers, he set out along the west coast of
the Malay peninsula in search of a new refuge.
The refugees settled first at Muar, Johor, but were quickly driven away by a huge number of monitor
lizards which refused to move. The second spot chosen seemed equally unfavourable, as the fortress
that the refugees began to build, collapsed immediately.
Parameswara and his followers moved on. Soon afterward, during a hunt near the mouth of a river
called Bertam, he saw a white mouse-deer or pelanduk, kick one of his hunting dogs. So impressed
was he by the mouse-deer's brave gesture that he decided immediately to build a city on the spot. He
asked one of his servants the name of the tree under which he was resting and, being informed that the
tree was called a Malaka, gave that name to the city. The year was 1400.
Although its origin is as much romance as history, the fact is that Parameswara's new city was situated
at a point of tremendous strategic importance. Midway along the straits that linked China to India and
the Near East, Melaka was perfectly positioned as a centre for maritime trade. The city grew rapidly,
and within fifty years it had become a wealthy and powerful hub of international commerce, with a
population of over 50,000.
It was during this period of Melaka's history that Islam was introduced to the Malay world, arriving
along with Gujarati traders from western India. By the first decade of the sixteenth century Melaka
was a bustling, cosmopolitan port, attracting hundreds of ships each year. The city was known
worldwide as a centre for the trade of silk and porcelain from China; textiles from Gujarat and
Coromandel in India; camphor from Borneo; sandalwood from Timor; nutmeg, mace, and cloves from
the Moluccas, gold and pepper from Sumatra; and tin from western Malaya.
Unfortunately, this fame arrived at just the moment when Europe began to extend its power into the
East, and Melaka was one of the very first cities to attract its covetous eye. The Portuguese under the
command of Alfonso de Albuquerque arrived first, taking the city after a sustained bombardment in
The Sultan Mahmud, who was then the ruler of Melaka, fled to Johor, from where the Malays
counter-attacked the Portuguese repeatedly though without success. One reason for the strength of
the Portuguese defence was the construction of the massive fortification of A Famosa or Porta De
Santiago, only a small portion of which survives today.
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 5Top

My Documents\malacca\history
Page 2 of 2
file://D:\tourism melaka\history.html
A Famosa ensured Portuguese control of the city for the next one hundred and fifty years, until, in
1641, the Dutch after an eight-month siege and a fierce battle in 1641, captured Melaka.The city was
almost completely ruined but over the next century and a half, the Dutch rebuilt it and occupied it
largely as a mili tary base, using its strategic location to control the Straits of Malacca.
In 1795, when the Netherlands was captured by French Revolutionary armies, Melaka was handed
over to the British by the Dutch to avoid its capture by the French. Although the British returned the
city to the Dutch in 1808, it was soon given back to the British once again in a trade for Bencoleen in
From 1826, the English East India Company in Calcutta ruled the city until 1867, when the Straits
Settlements ( Melaka, Penang and Singapore ) became a British Crown colony. The British continued
their control until the Second World War and the Japanese occupation from 1942 to 1945.
Following the defeat of the Japanese, the British resumed their control until 31st. August 1957,
when anti-colonial sentiment culminated in a proclamation of independence by His Highness Tunku
Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj, Malaysia's first Prime Minister.
By Robert Leo, 2002
Edited by Salim Maldern, 2004.
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 6Top

My Documents\malacca\chronogy
Page 1 of 6
Chronology of Events
The Beginning
15th. Century
1400 - Parameswara, Hindu prince from Palembang fled Temasik, ancient
Singapore and founded Malacca.
1403 - The first official Chinese trade envoy lead by Admiral Yin Ching
arrive in Malacca.
1409 - - Admiral Cheng Ho , Commander of the Chinese Imperial fleet,
arrives in Malacca on the first of his seven voyages to the Indian Ocean.
1411 - Parameswara journeys to China with an entourage of 540 and
meets the Ming Emperor Yung Lo.
1414 - Parameswara marries a princess from Pasai (Indonesia) and
embraces Islam and changes his name to Raja Iskandar Shah.
1424 - Sri Maharaja, Parameswara's son, becomes Sultan. He converts to
Islam and takes the title Muhammad Shah.
1444 - Sultan Muhammad Shah is succeeded by his youngest son Raja
Ibrahim on his death. A year late Raja Ibrahim was murdered and buried
with the title Sultan Abu Syahid
1446 - Raja Kassim ascended the throne with the title Sultan Muzaffar
Shah and declared Islam as the state religion. Under his rule Malacca
1447 - First attack from Siam. Later they were defeated in battle near
1456 - Tun Perak becomes Bendahara , Prime Minister with the title
Bendahara Paduka Raja. Served under four Sultans, he is responsible for
Malacca's rise to power in maritime Southeast Asia.
1458 - Sultan Mansur Shah succeeds Sultan Muzaffar Shah. Tun
Perpateh Puteh envoy to China brings the Chinese Princess Hang Li Po as
a wife for the Sultan.
1477 - Sultan Mansur Shah dies. He is succeeded by his 15 year old son
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 7Top

My Documents\malacca\chronogy
Page 2 of 6
Alauddin Riayat Shah .
1488 - Sultan Alauddin is poisoned. Sultan Mahmud Shah a cruel and
tyrannical ruler succeeds him.
1498 - Tun Perak dies.
16th. Century
1500 - Tun Mutahir replaces Tun Perak as Bendahara with the title
Bendahara Seri Maharaja. He became the grandest and most powerful of
all the Bendaharas.
1509 - The first Royal Portuguese trading expedition commanded by
Diego Lopez de Sequiera with a fleet of 18 ships arrives in Malacca. The
locals called them `Benggali Putih'. A misunderstanding with the Malays
took place and they were attacked but escape leaving behind twenty men
as prisoners.
1510 - Bendahara Tun Mutahir allegedly plots to assassinate the Sultan.
Sultan Mahmud Shah executes him and his entire family. Sultans Ahmad
Shah succeeded the throne temporary from his father Sultan Mahmud
1511 - Alfonso d' Albuquerque and his Portuguese fleet attack Malacca on
the 10 August 1511 and built - A Famosa . Malacca passes into colonial
hands for four and a half centuries.
1513 - Patih Unus from Java, a Javanese warrior attacks Malacca with
5000 men and 100 ships.
1518/1519 - Sultan Mahmud Shah orders his subjects to built high
walls around Malacca within three months.
1525 - Laksamana Hang Nadim besiege the A Famosa fortress. Food
rationing from Goa is carried out.
1545 - Saint Francis Xavier visits Malacca on the first of his five sojourn
in the city. Malacca was used as his base in the East and from here he
attemps to get permission to travel to China.
1548 - The first school in Malacca, St Paul's College is established by
Saint Francis Xavier for the Portuguese Catholics and newly converted
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 8Top

My Documents\malacca\chronogy
Page 3 of 6
1551 - The combined army of Johor, Japara and Perak besiege Malacca
city for three months.
1553 - Saint Francis Xavier dies from fever on the Island of Sancian near
Canton, China. His body is buried in St. Paul's Church for nine months
then transferred to Goa, India.
1568 - Johor helps the Portuguese to fight off the Achehnese who
terrorize the Malacca Straits for sixty years.
1582 - The Portuguese help Johor ward off another Achehnese attack,
and Sultan Abdul Jalil Riayat Shah of Johor the first of the former Malay
royal house to visit Malacca.
1587 - Johor launch a huge land and sea attack on the Portuguese who
are saved only by reinforcements from Goa.
1588 - Ralph Ritch the first British to visit Malacca.
1597 - The Dutch attack Malacca for the first time.
17th. Century
1606 - The Dutch under Admiral Matelieff de Jonge, teams up with the
Sultan of Johor and attack Malacca. After a three months seige the
Portuguese survive the attack when troops from Goa arrive.
1615/1616 - The Achehnese attack Malacca.
1628/1629 - Achehnese captured Malacca for eight months before the
Portuguese recapture it again.
1636 - The Dutch destroyed Portuguese ships at the Malacca harbor.
1641 - Malacca fell to the Dutch on the 14 January 1641. The Portuguese
Governor, Manuel de Souza Couthinho surrenders the city to Captain
Minne Williemson Kaartokoe.
1645 - The Cheng Hoon Teng is founded by Kapitan Lee Wei King. It is
the oldest functioning Chinese temple in Malaysia today.
1650 - The Stadthuys the Dutch administrative centre and home of the
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 9Top

My Documents\malacca\chronogy
Page 4 of 6
Governor is built.
18th. Century
1710 - St. Peter's Church, the oldest functioning Christian church in
Malaysia, is built after the Dutch restore freedom of religion to the
1753 - Christ Church, built next to the Stadhuys in the Town Square, is
completed after twelve years.
1756- The Bugis under the command of Daing Kamboja attacks Malacca.
1784- Raja Haji tries to capture Malacca but is killed in battle at Teluk
1795- The English East India Company takes over Malacca temporary
during the Napoleonic wars.
19th. Century
1807 - Under William Farquar, the English begin demolishing A Formosa
fort and transfer the city's population to Penang. The cost for demolishing
the fort was 70,000 pounds.
1808 - Sir Stamford Raffles arrives in Malacca and on his
recommendation the city was saved from destruction and the plan to
evacuate was abandoned with the approval of Lord Minto.
1818 - Malacca is restored to the Dutch under the Treaty of Vienna after
the Napoleonic Wars.
1819 - Sultan Husin Mohamad Shah hands over Singapore to Sir
Stamford Raffles of the East India Company. His grave is located in the
grounds of Tranquerah Mosque.
1824 - The Anglo Dutch Treaty or the Treaty of London was made
between the Dutch and the British. The British gives Bencoolen, in
Sumatra to the Dutch and Malacca to the English.
1826 - Malacca,Penang and Singapore are incorparated as the Straits
Settlements of the India government under the British.
1867 - The Straits Settlements become a Crown Colony under the
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 10Top

My Documents\malacca\chronogy
Page 5 of 6
Colonial Office in London.
1895 - The first rubber trees were planted by Tan Chay Yan at Bukit
Lintang, Malacca.
20th. Century
1901 - The Queen Victoria Fountain made of English marble is erected to
commemorate the Queen's Diamond Jubilee (1837-1897).
1941 - 1945 - The Second World War
1942 - Malacca is occupied by the Japanese.
1945 - Malacca is restored to the British after the Japanese surrender in
1948 - The Communist controls Malaya for 14 days. The British declare a
state of "Emergency" which lasted for twelve years against the Communist
1956 - Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia's first Prime Minister, announces
the news of impending indepandence to 50,000 people gathered at the
Padang Pahlawan, Bandar Hilir, Malacca on his arrival from London.
1957 - Malaysia gains "Merdeka" independence on the 31 August 1957
from the British.
1963 - Formation of Malaysia with Malacca, Singapore, Sabah and
Sarawak forging a new nation. Singapore left Malaysia in 1965.
1969 - Malaysia was hit by racial riots in May. Major towns were placed
under curfew before calm was restored.
1971 - Malacca Town was hit by major floods. A large part of the town
was flooded.
1989 - Proclaimation of Malacca as a Historical City on the 15th. April,
The New Millennium
21st. Century
2000 - Malacca enters the New 21st. Century.
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 11Top

My Documents\malacca\chronogy
Page 6 of 6
2001 - Wang Kang Festival was held from 4th. February to 7th. February
2001. This religious festival was last held in Malacca in 1933.
2001 - Sungei Melaka Bridge opens to the public on 1st. June 2001. This
bridge links Tranquerah to Bandar Hilir and crosses over the mouth of
Sungei Melaka.

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 12Top

THE MELAKA SULTANATE ( 1401 to 1511 )
The Melaka Sultanate was founded by Parameswara in 1401. He was a fugitive
prince from Palembang in Sumatra, and had arrived in Melaka via Temasik, the
Singapore of old. According to legend, he was so impressed by a fleeing mouse-deer
that had turned to kick at his hunting dogs, he decided to build a settlement on the
spot where he was leaning against a Melaka tree.
In 1414, Parameswara embraced Islam, changed his name to Megat Iskandar Shah,
and married a Muslim princess from Pasai, Sumatra. The move attracted Muslim
traders to the port, bringing it instant international fame. Maintaining good relations
with Ming China, he sent mission after mission to Peking in 1415, 1416 and 1418.
Upon his death in 1424, Megat Iskandar Shah was succeeded by his son Sri
Maharaja (1424-1444) whose first mission was to visit Emperor Yung Lo of Ming
China to inform of his father’s death, and also to pay his respects as the new ruler of
Sultan Muzaffar Shah (1446-1456) the son of Sri Maharaja and grandson of Megat
Iskandar Shah alias Parameswara, ascended the Melaka throne in 1446 succeeding
his elder brother, Raja Ibrahim. He was the first Malay ruler to use the Arabian title
of "Sultan", and to formulate the Melaka Laws known as Risalah Hukum Kanun in
Arabic. During his reign, he forged stronger relations with Ming China in order to
protect the sovereignty and prosperity of Melaka.
From 1456 till 1498, the Melaka Sultans benefited from the services of Tun Perak, a
brilliant Chief Minister or Bendahara. Tun Perak served under four Sultans, namely
Sultan Muzaffar Shah, Sultan Mansor Shah; Sultan Alaudin Ri’ayat Shah, and Sultan
Mahmud Shah, who suffered defeat at the hands of the Portuguese in 1511.
At its peak, Melaka became the most important port in the East, between the
Mediterranean Sea and China. Over 80 languages were spoken there, and at times
there were more than 4,000 traders housed in special quarters. There was the Indian
quarter, the Chinese quarter, the Javanese quarter, and others. They were treated
well and warehouses were made available to store their goods. The Syahbandar or
the Port Authority took care of their needs, while the Melaka fleet, comprising 40 to
100 ships, guaranteed the safety of the merchants and their goods.
At one point in time, there were 4 Syahbandars to cater to the needs of merchants of
different races -- one for the Gujeratis; one for the Bengalis, Tamils and other
Indians; one for local merchants; and one for the Chinese and Indochinese.
Merchants from Pegu in Burma also frequented the port of Melaka. Annually, 40 to
50 ships sailed into Melaka laden with precious stones, silver and foodstuffs. The
merchants would stay in Melaka for about a month to trade, sell their ships, and then
return home with pottery and other items brought to Melaka by traders from India
and Arabia.
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 13Top

Siamese merchants, too, had good trade ties with Melaka. About 30 junks carrying
rice, dried fish, wine, rubies, and slaves would call upon Melaka annually. Junks from
Luzon in the Philippines would bring gold, forest products and food to Melaka. Their
lot was much improved when a countryman was appointed by the Sultan to serve as
Temenggong, or Police Chief.
The source of food for Melaka was in Indonesia, which also had an abundant supply
of spices to offer the international market at that time. Ships from Melaka regularly
sailed to Demak, Grisek and Japara in Eastern Java to transport these necessary
items home for use and re-sale.
The entire trading activities of Melaka was controlled by the Sultan and his courtiers.
They bought and sold goods, provided capital to their agents, bought and built ships,
administered the port, and levied taxes. Sultan Muzaffar Shah was directly involved
in ship-building activities, while another aristocrat, Bendahara Tun Mutahir became
one of the richest man in Melaka via his prominent role in the market.
The Straits of Melaka provided excellent shelter from the prevailing storms raging in
the open ocean. In those days, prior to silting problems, the port could handle
ocean-going vessels from all over the world. The Melaka Sultanate enjoyed a good
relationship with the Ming Emperors of China, namely Emperor Yung Lo. The Chinese
provided Melaka protection from the Siamese and other enemies. In this way, the
area was safe and full of promise and prosperity.
The city and the port was governed by laws. At sea, the ships were considered
nations complete with its own administration. The captain was as the Sultan, the
navigator as Bendahara or Chief Minister, the discipline officer as Temenggong or
police chief, and the crew as the people. The crew must perform their duties well,
otherwise they would be fined by the captain.
The Melaka Laws were known as Risalah Hukum Kanun in Arabic. They were
formulated in the mid-15th century for Sultan Muzaffar Shah. However, they were
only said to be put in writing in the early 18th century in the Riau Islands by Sultan
Sulaiman Shah. The Melaka laws were a combination of the Islamic Syariah and
traditional Malay customs. They accorded special status and privileges to the ruling
class, whereby only the ruler could wear yellow clothes and carry specially-made
daggers with gold infused into the blade and handle. Rebels faced capital
punishment, and petty criminals from among the people were harshly punished.
The government structure of the Melaka Sultanate was like a pyramid with the
Sultan at the apex as the all- powerful Head of State. Under him, there was a council
of 4 Ministers, namely the Bendahara, who controlled the military, defence, and royal
customs and traditions. The Temenggong, as Chief of Police, controlled internal
affairs relating to peace and order. The third key post was held by the Penghulu
Bendahari who was the Sultan’s Treasurer cum Secretary. The Laksamana was the
Admiral who controlled the fleet.
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 14Top

Under the four Ministers, there were 8 senior directors, all bearing the title Sri. Under
them were 16 junior directors with the title Raja. At the bottom of the hierarchy were
32 government officers whose job was to aid the Ministers in carrying out their
duties. Some of them were district or regional chiefs.
This administrative system was implemented by all the states in the Malay Peninsula,
which at that time were united under the Melaka Sultanate. This system came to be
known as the traditional political system of the Malay states.
Following the Portuguese invasion of 1511, Sultan Mahmud Shah fled to Kota Tinggi
in Johor, where he tried to establish a new capital. Initially, his vassals from amongst
the Malay rulers accepted the Johor Empire as the replacement to Melaka, but that
gradually declined and the empire was fragmented.
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 15Top

Page 1 of 3
The first attack
Ruy D'Araujo had informed d'Albuquerque that "the occupation of the bridge" might decide victory or
at least deal a heavy blow at the enemy . The bridge was obviously the key to the situation, for its
capture would cut the Sultan's army in two, and so make its final defeat easier. D'Albuquerque
decided, therefore, to capture it by a pincer movement, and divided his meagre forces into halves. The
first, led by him-self, was to make a landing in Upeh and capture the northern end of the bridge; the
second was to land near the royal palace and the mosque, and capture its southern end. He chose 25
July for the attack as that was the feast of St. James, to whom he had a special devotion.
Accordingly, two hours before dawn on that day, captains and men assembled on board the large and
roomy flagship, Flor de la Mar, and as dawn was breaking, their little boats full of troops crept
towards the beaches. Their approach was soon observed, and a furious artillery fire greeted them.
When this was finished the boats drew nearer inshore, made a landing, and soon engaged in a fierce
battle with the defenders. The Malays put up a brave resistance, but after some hours of continuous
fighting the Portuguese succeeding in capturing both ends of the bridge. As the wind freshened from
the sea, they set fire to houses on both banks of the river, so that in a short while a great part of the
city itself was in flames and the royal palace and many of the royal houses had been gutted. During the
fire a chariot lined with silk and inlaid with gold, on thirty wheels each as high as a room, was burnt. It
had been intended for the wedding of Sultan Mahmud's daughter with the Sultan of Pahang.
It was now 2 o'clock in the afternoon. The Portuguese had been fighting continuously since dawn.
They had no food, and no men could be spared to go back to the ships to bring supplies. It was
agonising to hold the bridge in the burning heat of the day, under continuous fire from the enemy, with
seventy men wounded, some by poisoned arrows (from which all save one died). Towards nightfall,
finding it impossible to complete the stockade on the bridge, d'Albuquerque gave the order to
withdraw. As the troops returned in relays to the ships they were subjected to a harassing fire of
bullets and poisoned darts and arrows by the defenders; but they nevertheless took with them a great
deal of captured material, including fifty bombards from the bridge.
A breathing space
This first attack had only a limi ted success for the Portuguese, since although they had captured the
bridge they had not been strong enough to hold it. It was, however, a victory, and d'Albuquerque
believed that the city, having suffered heavy losses in troops and by fire, would hasten to surrender.
The Sultan, however, showed an unexpected obstinacy and whilst continuing to make vague promises
of friendship utterly refused to become a vassal of the King of Portugal. Many of the merchants,
however, who cared more for their goods than for Malacca, now began to press for peace with the
Portuguese. They were afraid the Portuguese would win and would sack the city. Utimutiraja, for
instance, sent a present of sandalwood to d'Albuquerque, though, at the same time, he sent his people
to help the defenders to build new palisades and barricades. It was considered a wise precaution to
keep friendly with both sides.
The Malays, therefore, continued to push on with the fortifications in expectation of a new attack. At
least one hundred bombards were now mounted on the bridge, which was now even more heavily
defended by palisades. On the north and south sides of the bridge guns were once more mounted to
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 16Top

Page 2 of 3
command the approaches from Upeh and the mosque respectively. D'Albuquerque therefore realised
that nothing less than an overwhelming victory would give him the control of the city. He decided
therefore on an all-out attack: but here he had to face a new difficulty. His captains, tired of the
endless delays, began to advocate a return to India. They had lost much of their enthusiasm for the
final attack, because d'Albuquerque insisted that they would have to build a fort when the town was
captured, and the prospect did not appeal to them. D'Albuquerque, however, called them all to a
council on his flagship. He showed them that the conquest of Malacca was absolutely necessary, since
this alone would give them a complete monopoly of the pepper trade. As things were, Arab traders
were able to take vast quantities of pepper and spices to Cairo, Alexandria and Venice, from Malacca
via Bab-el-Mandeb, dodging the Portuguese Indian fleet on the way. He pointed out that the capture
of Malacca would be a great blow to their enemies the Moors, and that it was a prize of great worth.
As a result-" Cairo and Mecca would be entirely ruined and to Venice no spiceries will be conveyed
except that which her merchants go and buy in Portugal." "I am certain", he added, "when they begin
to like our justice and straight dealing, all merchants will go and reside there and make walls of gold."
These arguments finally decided the captains to make a second and much more formidable attack. This
time they were determined to achieve success.
The second attack, 10 August 1511
As in the first attack, the main object of the Portuguese was to capture the bridge; but this time
d'Albuquerque meant to hold it. Some days before his conference with the officers he had thought out
a new idea. This was to use an exceptionally tall junk as a kind of fortified siege ladder, which could
be floated towards the bridge, and grappled to it. It would over-tower the bridge, and from its
commanding position the attackers could rake the bridge from end to end with their gunfire and
stones, and make it completely untenable. Unfortunately at first for his plan, the junk was found to
have too great a draught for the shallow waters of the river. The attack had to be postponed until the
spring tide, which would refloat the junk and carry it down towards the bridge. Meanwhile the Malays,
guessing his intention, did their best to set fire to the craft by sending towards it on the falling tide
blazing boats and barges: but all their efforts were foiled by the Portuguese.
At last the junk was refloated. The Portuguese bombarded the city during the night of 9 August, and
on the next day the attack began. D'Albuquerque, having posted gun-boats on either flank of the
attacking boats, made his way to the north part of the city where, after a brief but fierce struggle he
succeeded in effecting a landing. Meanwhile Antonio d'Abreu, in face of furious fire from the bridge,
which he relentlessly returned, had succeeded in grappling the junk to the bridge, and by a heavy fire,
swept the defrnders from it. These took up a position behind palisades lying between the bridge and
the mosque; but fire from the gunboats in the harbour compelled them to retire to the mosque.
D'Albuquerque now gave orders for the mosque to be captured. The Malays thereupon evacuated it,
and were followed in swift pursuit by a detachment under de Lima. Suddenly the latter's troops found
themselves face to face with fresh reinforcements under the command of the Sultan and his son
Ahmad. In the band were twenty fighting elephants which now charged the Portuguese. Undismayed
de Lima pierced the leading elephant in the eye with his spear and the maddened brute turned in the
narrow road and fled, scattering the Malays, and infecting the other animals with its rage and terror.
When darkness fell, the Portuguese took up their position on the bridge, which they now heavily
defended with strong barricades at both ends, built up with barrels of sand and wood from two of their
ships which they had broken up for this purpose. Above their heads they placed a grcat sail, firmly tied
down at each end to ward off the heat of the sun during the day. All night long their guns bombarded
the city, keeping the roads clear from concentrations of enemy troops. D'Albuquerque spent the night
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 17Top

Page 3 of 3
visiting and encouraging the wounded, of whom there were many. During the battle twenty-eight of
his men had been killed.
For some days d'Albuquerque waited before giving orders for the final attack. He was concerned
about the wounded, but was also ready even at this stage to negotiate with Mahmud. He simply asked
that permission should be given for the building of a fortress and that his men should receive
reasonable booty for their victory. The Malay war party however was in no mood to negotiate; though
many of the traders among them Ninachatu was among these and was given flags to put outside his
house to help Portuguese soldiers to identify it,asked for protection during the sack of the city which
all expected hourly.
The capture of the city, 24 August 1511
The final attack, however, did not take place until some days later. Then on 24 August
d'Albuquerque's troops, marching six abreast through the streets, swept aside all resistance, slaying all
who tried to oppose them. The governor then gave orders for the city to be sacked: but the operation
was carried out with amazing regularity. There was no wild snatching for booty. First the sailors,
whose job was so vital, were allowed to get their share; then other troops went in succession, each
bringing his booty back to the beach near the spot where the Commander stood. The whole operation
took one day. Amazing treasures were accumulated, including "bars of gold, jars of gold dust, jewels,
priceless silks, rare perfumes and scented woods "-but it was estimated that two-thirds of the great
city's wealth still remained. Some of the officers were in favour of despoiling the city completely and
returning to India; but this was no part of d'Albuquerque's plan. He was anxious for his troops to reap
a fair reward for their valour; but at the same time he saw the vital importance of Malacca to
Portugal's Empire. He did not wish it to be ruined; but instead was most anxious to re-establish its
trade as soon as possible. As for himself, the only things he acquired from the Malacca expedition
were Noadabegea's bracelet and six large bronze lions for his own tomb.
No further resistance took place in the city. The Peguans were the first to ask for-and receive-pardon.
They were soon followed by the Javanese and Hindus. As for the Sultan, he and his son 'Ala'u'd-din
who had taken a notable part in the defence, fled inland. 'Ala'u'd- din tried to make a stand at Pagoh;
but was driven out by the brothers Andrade and some Javanese, and fled with his father to Pahang,
whither the Sultan of Pahang had long since preceded them. Only a few Malays under the redoubtable
Laksamana, Hang Tuah, kept up a series of harassing attacks on the hated enemy. After a time,
Mahmud and his son, gathering confidence, moved from Pahang, first to a settlement far up the Johore
river, and then to the Island of Bintang, the Sultan at Tebing Tinggi and the Prince at Batu Pelabohan.
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 18Top

Porta De Santiago ( A Famosa )

Porta De Santiago ( A Famosa ) at Jalan Kota with St. Paul’s Hill in the background
The most photographed historical site and symbol of Malacca, this gateway, PORTA DE SAN-
TIAGO ( Gateway of St. James ), is the remaining ruin of the once-strong Portuguese fortress
“A Famosa”. “A Famosa” was built by the Portuguese in 1512 under the command of Alfonso
d’Alburquerque after conquering Malacca in 1511. It was built of laterite and albumin-of-mortar.
Because of the importance of Malacca as a trading centre between the West and the East, a strong
fortress was built by the Portuguese who in the 16th.century then were the formidable sea-faring
nation and empire builders.
During the Dutch attack of Malacca, this gateway was badly damaged, and was renovated by the
Dutch, hence the date ‘Anno 1670’ appearing above the entrance with the crest of the Dutch
United East India Company, VOC.
After taking over Malacca from the Dutch by the British via a peace treaty, the then Governor of
Penang, Lt. Robert Farquhar wrote to the English East India Company in India for the destruction
of the fortress, but the first British Resident Commissioner of Malacca, Mr. William Farquhar,
strongly objected to its destruction. Nonetheless in 1807, the order was signed by the English
East India Company and the fortress had to be destroyed. Had it not been for the history-con-
scious Englishman, Sir Stamford Raffles’ intervention during his visit to Malacca in 1810, this
gateway “Porta de Santiago” being the oldest standing European monument in Malaysia, too
would have been totally destroyed.
According to Dutch records, there was an underground tunnel linking this bastion to the look-out
at St. John’s Hill. This tunnel remains undiscovered to this day.
January 2001
Page 19Top

The ruins of St. Paul’s Church on top of St. Paul’s Hill which overlooks the Malacca Straits
St. Paul’s Church in ruins is on the site of a former chapel built in 1521 by Duarte Coelho, the
founder of Cochin China, in dedication to “de Nossa Senyora de Oiteru” (Our Lady of the Hill)
for what he termed as his miraculous escape from an attack in the South China Sea. The present
church structure was completed in 1590 by the Society of Jesuit.
As a leading prayer house of the Catholics in the 16th. Century, it is important to know that Fr.
Francis Xavier first preached in this old church in 1545. For the next seven years, Fr. Francis
Xavier spread Christianity from Malacca to Moloccus Islands, Indonesia, Philippines, Japan and
China. Fr. Francis Xavier died in San Chian, China on 3rd. December 1552 and was temporarily
buried in the centre of the chancel of St. Paul’s church from 22nd. March 1553 to 11th. December
1553. His incorrupt body is, today, in the Basilica of Bom Jesus in Goa, India.
When the Dutch conquered Malacca, they turned this church into an extension of the fortress of
Malacca. The roof of the church was pulled down to allow for extension of catwalks for their
soldiers on both sides of the walls. In 1753, the Dutch turned St. Paul’s Hill into a burial ground
for their notables.
Today, several large tombstones, measuring 2.5 metres high x 1 metre wide, of the Portuguese
dating back to the 16th. Century and of the Dutch dating back to the 17th. and 18th. Centuries with
inscriptions in Latin, Portuguese and Dutch can be seen here on the right of the photograph
January 2001
Page 20Top

The Stadthuys of Malacca in the Dutch Square
The Malacca Dutch Square consisting of the Stadthuys (right), Christ Church & Clock Tower
The imposing salmon-pink coloured Stadthuys situated in the red-painted Malacca Dutch Square,
with thick masonry walls, heavy hardwood doors and windows, with their wrought iron hinges,
are eloquent testimony to the solidity of the Hollander’s masonry and woodwork. The Stadthuys,
believed to have been completed around 1650’s, was used to house the past Dutch Governors and
their retinue of officers. Only one room is left with the original wooden-floral ceiling of the 17th.
Century Dutch woodwork.
On the 17th. December 1982, the Stadthuys was converted into the Malacca Historical Museum
where exhibits of the past glory can been seen. Items include, a Dutch cupboard made of
blackwood with the monogram of the Dutch East India Company (VOC), a Portuguese set of
drawers, a Malay beatifully carved bedstead, Chinese rosewood inlaid with mother-of-pearls
furniture, Chinese carved bridal chests and many others.
Centrally located in the heart of historic City of Malacca, visitors must visit this unique site
before going to other historically sites which are located within walking distance from this
January 2001
Page 21Top


Cheng Hoon Teng Temple located at Jalan Tokong(Temple Street) in Malacca
Cheng Hoon Teng which means Green Clouds Temple, is the oldest functioning Chinese temple in
Malaysia. Founded in 1645 by Kapitan China, Lee Wei King, the main hall of this temple was completed
by Kapitan China, Chan Ki Lock in 1704 whilst extensive renovations were made in 1801 by Kapitan
China, Tan Ki Hou. From 1999 to 2000, the temple underwent another major renovation and reopened in
January 2001.
A very impressive architecture of South China influence, the eaves and ridges of the temple are beauti-
fully decorated with figurines of Chinese mythology made out of broken porcelain and glass, and the
phantasmagoria glitter in the tropical sun. Artisans who built this temple as well as the material used, all
came from China. The early-eighteenth century wood carvings and lacquer work are very exquisite
indeed. The temple covers an area of 49,520 sq. ft. and the land was donated by its founder, Kapitan
China, Lee Wei King.
In this temple, the three Doctrinal Systems of Taoism, Confucianism and Chinese-Buddhism are beauti-
fully blended which the Chinese term as the “San E Chiao”.
The impressive main prayer hall consists of the three altars namely:-
The Central Altar houses the Goddess of Mercy (Kwan Shih Yin) in whose honour this temple is
The Left Altar is the Queen of the Oceans (Ma Choe Poh) the special guardian of the fishermen,
sailors and voyagers of the high sea, and the Queen of Fertility (Kim Hua Foo Jin) to whom married
ladies pray for safe deliveries.
The Right Altar is the deity Kwan Ti (with the red face), the god of war, patron of literature, and up-
holder of justice. The other deity, Tai Sui (with the golden face) is the God of Wealth who is the patron
deity of the Chinese merchants and traders.
Above these altars is a railing in beautiful gold lacquer work depicts the episodes of the life of Buddha
from his childhood to this ascension.
To the right of in the courtyard of this temple is the altar for the great Chinise sage, Confucius while at
the back of the main prayer hall stands the altar for the Founder of the temple, Kapitan China Lee Wei
King and also the ancestral tablets of the other Kapitan Chinas of Malacca and local Chinese.
January 2001
Page 22Top

Bukit Cina (Chinese Hill) in Melaka
BUKIT CINA - Bukit Cina, or simple translated means Chinese Hill, is reputed to be the
earliest Chinese settlement in Melaka.
Covering an area of 26 hectares, it is the largest Chinese burial ground outside Republic
of China. It contains some 12,500 graves with many tombstones dating back to the Ming
It was used as the official settlement of the Chinese entourage that arrived in Melaka with
Princess Hang Li Po, the daughter of Emperor Yung Lo of the Ming Dynasty. The
princess was sent to Melaka by the Emperor to marry Sultan Mansur Shah in 1459 to seal
the diplomatic ties between Melaka and China.
The Chinese entourage and their descendents remained at Bukit Cina until the fall of
Melaka to the Portuguese in 1511.
It was reported that during the Portuguese occupation of Melaka, a Franciscan
Monastery and a chapel dedicated to ‘Madre de Deus’ (Mother of God) was erected at the
hilltop. However, the buildings were destroyed when the Achinese attacked the Dutch in
1629. The Dutch Government subsequently took control of Bukit Cina before it was
bought over by the Cheng Hoon Teng is founder, Kapital Lee Wei King. It was
subsequently donated to the Chinese of Melaka to be used as burial ground.
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 23Top

A name that cannot be separated from the word Melaka is that of Hang Tuah.
Considered by many as a legend and a man with supernatural powers, Hang
Tuah made a name for himself as a popular warrior during the Melaka
Sultanate era. Together with his four companions – Hang Jebat, Hang
Kasturi, Hang Lekir and Hang Lekiu. The five of them had been in each
other’s company since their childhood.
It was said that Hang Tuah’s parents, father Dang Mahmud and mother Dang
Merdu Wati, migrated from Bentan to Melaka in search of a better life where
they settled in Kampung Duyung.
From his early days, Hang Tuah and his four friends embodied comradeship
and stood by each other through thick and thin. They even dug a well at their
village which came to be known as the Hang Tuah Well until today.
As they grew older, Hang Tuah and his buddies learnt the Malay art of self-
defence (or silat) from a renowned guru named Adiputra in a cave
somewhere in a remote part of Melaka. Their courage and mettle, coupled
with their expertise in martial arts, all the five friends helped in keeping the
peace in Melaka.
The turning point in Hang Tuah’s life came when he save the Bendahara
(chief minister) from falling victim to a man who ran amok in town. When
Sultan Mansor Shah (1456-1477) heard about Hang Tuah’s bravery, he was
made the Laksamana (admiral) cum Syahbandar (harbour master). His
friends were appointed the knights of Melaka.
Back in those days, accepting invitations and calling on foreign countries as
far as China was the norm for the Sultan of Melaka and Hang Tuah was a
constant aide to the Sultan on such visits. During the sojourn to Majapahit,
Taming Sari, a famous Majapahit warrior, challenged Hang Tuah to a duel.
After a fiery fight, Hang Tuah emerged as the winner and the Sultan of
Majapahit bestowed Taming Sari’s kris, which is said to be the source of
Hang Tuah’s magical powers, to Hang Tuah.
Apart from carrying the responsibilities as the Laksamana and the
Syahbandar, Hang Tuah was always assigned to the task of being the
Sultan’s ambassador in fostering closer ties with the Sultan’s allies including
China, India, Siam and Turkey.
According to Hikayat Hang Tuah, in his blind loyalty to the Sultan, Hang Tuah
sailed to Inderaputra (Pahang) to persuade the already engaged Tun Teja,
the princess of Pahang to be the Sultan’s companion. Thinking that Hang
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 24Top

Tuah himself would be marrying her, Tun Teja eloped with him to Melaka.
However, it was only during the voyage home, that Hang Tuah revealed the
(There are actually two separate accounts on the incident. Hikayat Hang
Tuah stated that it was Hang Tuah who persuaded Tun Teja to elope but in
Sejarah Melayu, or the Malay Annals, it was Hang Nadim.)
Hang Tuah’s popularity soon became the envy of a few noblemen and this led
to one of them, Pateh Karma Wijaya, to fabricate a story that Hang Tuah was
having an illicit affair with one of the palace’s lady-in-waiting. Without a fair
trial, the Sultan sentenced Hang Tuah to death for the alleged offence.
However, the Bendahara who know the truth, went against the Sultan’s
orders and hid Hang Tuah in Ulu Melaka.
This became the turning point in the relationship between Hang Tuah and his
best companion Hang Jebat. Believing that Hang Tuah was innocent, Hang
Jebat avenged his death, first by killing Pateh Karma Wijaya. The Sultan was
unable to do anything as none of his warriors dared to challenge the
ferocious Hang Jebat. Only then did the Bendahara confided in the Sultan
and told him that Hang Tuah was still alive. Ordered to be brought before
him, the Sultan later instructed Hang Tuah to kill Hang Jebat, which he did
after a long grueling fight.
Another event which was widely written about Hang Tuah’s exploit was his
journey to Gunung Ledang (Mount Ophir) at the Melaka-Johor border to ask
for the hand of the beautiful Puteri Gunung Ledang for the Sultan. Having
met the princess, Hang Tuah was taken aback when she stated the dowry or
wedding gifts – a golden bridge linking Melaka with the top of Gunung
Ledang, seven trays each of mosquitoes and germs liver, seven jars of
virgins’ tears and a bowl of Raja Ahmad’s (the Sultan’s son) blood.
Hang Tuah was deeply disheartened when he heard this, as he knew that the
Sultan will not be able to fulfill the conditions. Legend has it that Hang Tuah,
who was overwhelmed by his disappointments, flung his kris into the river
and vowed only to return to Melaka if it recurfaced, which he never did. It
was also said that he then vanished into thin air.
However, it was not known how Hang Tuah died but his body was said to be
have been buried in Tanjung Kling, where his tomb can still be seen until
today. It was also said that the embittered Sultan was not even present at
Hang Tuah’s burial.
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 25Top

In honour of Malacca's Saint
Page 1 of 2
6th. December 2001
In honour of Malacca’s Saint
Each year, on the Sunday nearest toDecember 3rd, thousands of people throng the ruins of St. Paul’s
Church in Malacca to celebrate the Feast of St. Francis Xavier, a Jesuit priest who had concentrated
his missionary work in Asia in the 16th. Century.
Vanitha Nadaraj and Percy D’Cruz of the Star give us the story behind the saint who perfomed
Xavier’s work and contribution in Asia were so highly regarded by the Vatican that he was made the
patron saint of missions, which accorded Malacca, the headquarters of his apostolic work in the
region, an honourable status in the Catholic map.
He would walk up St.Paul’s Hill whenever he was in Malacca during his 11-year missionary life in
Asia, and spend hours there praying, wrote the late Rev. Father Manuel Pintado, historian and parish
priest of Malacca’s St. Peter’s Church.
“St. Paul’s Hill was where he passed nights in prayer, preached the Word of God, worked miracles,
wrote important documents and letters and even raised the dead,” he wrote in his book
'Voice of the Ruins.'
In 'The Portuguese Missions in Malacca and Singapore', the author, Father Manuel Teixeira, wrote:
“St. Paul’s Church was regarded as the missionary headquarters of St. Francis, who used Malacca as a
base for his travels to Indonesia and the Far East.”
His Birth and Missionary Work
Francisco Xavier was born to a Spanish noble family in Navaree, Spain in 1497 – the year Vasco da
Gama left Lisbon, Portugal in search of the East. Xavier traveled to Lisbon, hoping to there-on to go
to India, which was the “in” place at that time for missionaries. He became one of the first recruits of
Ignatius of Loyola, the founder of the Society of Jesus and the La Sallian Order. Xavier then headed
for Goa in India and set foot in Malacca in 1545. He used the then booming trading center as his
headquarters as he traveled to various parts of Asia, such as Celebes, Japan and China, preaching to
people of various races. He made five visits to Malacca between September 1545 and May 1552. He
had traveled 45,600 km by sea and land during his 11 years of apostolic work.
“St. Francis was known as a linguist, able to speak so many different languages and dialects in India,
the Indonesian islands and China,” noted Father Pintado.
Power of Discernment
According to Father Teixeira, St. Francis also had the power of discernment. He wrote of an incident
where, as soon as St. Francis landed in Malacca for the first time, the locals ran out to meet him after
hearing about him from other priests and Catholics.
“Xavier was calling out to the children by their name, asking them news of their father and mother.
We – that is myself and many others – considered that a miracle, because he could not, of course, have
known the names of so many children whom he had never met,” wrote Father Teixeira, relating
eyewitness Father Paulo Gomes’ account of what had happened that day.
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 26Top

In honour of Malacca's Saint
Page 2 of 2
Miraculous feats
Books and writings on St. Francis are doted with incidents about miraculous conversions into
Christianity of locals and foreigners alike. An interesting example is the story of the cross-bearing
crustaceans that are popularity known as St. Francis Xavier’s crabs.
In 'A Stroll Through Ancient Malacca', Father Pintado wrote an account of how the crosses on the
backs of the crabs came to be. St. Francis and two others were sailing a boat along the coast off
Malacca when a storm broke out. They were caught in its fury and were unable to get back to shore.
St. Francis took out his crucifix and, leaning against the boat, dipped it in the sea. The storm
immediately ceased but the crucifix slipped out of his fingers and disappeared in the waves.
The following day, all three managed to land their boat on an island. They were walking along the
shore when they saw a crab coming out of the water. It was carrying the crucifix upright between its
The crab made its way to St. Francis, who knelt down and bent towards it. It stood still before him,
dropped the crucifix and headed back towards the sea. St. Francis then said a little prayer at the spot,
thanking God for the recovery of his precious possession.
“Some people refuse to eat such crabs as a mark of reverence to the saint,” said local author, Joseph
Sta Maria, who added that Malacca is believed to be the only place in the world where such crabs are
Death of St. Francis Xavier
Xavier died on Sanchian Island in south China in 1552. When his body was exhumed and then taken to
Malacca, it was found to be intact with hardly any trace of decomposition. The following year, his
body was buried in St. Paul’s Church for nine months before it was shipped to its final resting place in
Goa. His body remains encased in glass at the Basilicca Bom Jesus in Goa today, still as well
preserved as it had been when he died 450 years ago.
Sacred Relics of Xavier
Two sacred relics of Xavier are kept in the St. Francis Xavier Church’s sacristy and are only exposed
during the saint’s feast day. One of the two reliquaries contains a piece of skin taken from the foot of
the saint while the other encases a fragment of a finger bone.
Today, the bare tomb in the roofless church of St. Paul – once a great fortress for the Dutch – is but a
silent reminder of this great saint who now draws pilgrims and devotees from Malaysia, Singapore,
New Zealand, Australia, Hong Kong, Japan and Taiwan to Malacca on the first Sunday in December
to commemorate his feast day.
Meanwhile, the parishioners of St. Francis Xavier in Banda Kaba in Malacca, the principal organizers
of the feast day celebrations, cherish with pride the fact that their patron saint walked their local paths.
Sunday Star December 2 2001.

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 27Top

Munshi Abdullah - Malacca's famous Malay Scholar & Teacher
Page 1 of 1

Malacca was graced by a famous Malaccan Malay scholar & teacher by the name of Abdullah bin
Abdul Kadir commonly known as Munshi Abdullah. He was a great scholar and teacher and was
born in Malacca in 1795 and died in 1852.
Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir was born in Melaka in 1795. Although he had Arabic and Indian blood, he
deemed himself a Malay. His father was strict and Abdullah was brought up as a scholar, studying
Arabic, Tamil, Hindustani, English and, of course, Malay.
His Career
He started his career with his father, copying documents and writing petitions. He later taught Malay
to Indian soldiers and British and American missionaries. Abdullah was also interpreter and scribe to
Sir Stamford Raffles, for whom he had high regard. His proficiency in languages and reputation as a
teacher earned him the nickname Munshi, meaning tutor.
Abdullah assisted the Christian missionaries in translating and printing the gospels in Malay. He also
translated Hindu folktales. However, he is best known for his autobiographical work, Hikayat
Abdullah (Abdullah's Story). It was written between 1840 and 1843 and published in 1849. It is an
important source of the early history of Singapore soon after it was founded by Raffles. His other
book, Kisah Pelayaran Abdullah (The Tale of Abdullah's Voyage), describes his experiences on a trip
from Singapore to Kelantan in 1838.
His Works
Abdullah was the first Malay writer to depart from traditional Malay literary style by writing in
colloquial language. Unlike courtly writing, it was realistic and lively, incorporating many Malay
idioms and proverbs. In the words of A. E. Cooper, who translated Kisah Pelayaran Abdullah, "his
direct 'reporting' acts as a pleasant cool douche after the lushness of Malay romances.
His sudden passing
Abdullah died suddenly in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, in 1852 during his pilgrimage to Mecca. His diary of
this last journey was published posthumously. The writings of Munshi Abdullah remain an inspiration
for modern Malay literature.
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 28Top

Page 1 of 2
Famous Malaccans
Malaccan who gave Malaysia Rubber & Wealth
by Vanitha Nadaraj, The Star
Malacca, 18th. March 2002

Mr. Tan Chay Yan
Bringing Rubber to Malacca & 1st. Rubber Estate in Malaya & Asia
Mr. Tan Chay Yan, a Baba in his early 20s had a gut feeling that rubber would
be a good investment. He brought in nine seedlings from Singapore & planted
them in a 17 ha piece of land in Bukit Lintang, Malacca over 100 years ago.
Back then in 1895, many around him laughed and called him a fool, but nine
years later, their jaws dropped when young Tan Chay Yan (pronounced Chei
Yen) pulled out rubber sheets and Malacca exported its first shipment of 450 kg
of rubber in 1904.
Rubber began to bring prosperity to Malacca and later became the country's highest revenue earner.
The plantation at Bukit Lintang came to be acknowledged by the British government as the first
rubber plantation in Malaya and Asia, according to records kept by the Malacca Eng Chuan Tong-Seh
Tan Ancestral Temple, which is also the Tan clanmen's association. In fact, according to a family
member, the plantation still belongs to the family and there are no plans to sell it.
His Early Years
Tan was born in Malacca in 1871 to a prominent Peranakan family which had land, trading companies
and plantations, mostly growing tapioca. He was a Malacca High School boy who was said to have
performed exceptionally well in his studies. From young, he showed a keen interest in plants and
gardens. He was probably influenced by his father, Tan Geik Guan, who indulged in gardening,
specialising in the cultivation of orchids. There is a variety of orchid named Vanda Tan Chay Yan,
according to one of the Peranakan Cina Melaka's annual dinner souvenir books, but there is no record
of who named it such.
Tan's interest in rubber
Tan's interest in rubber began when he made friends with an Englishman while studying in England, a
certain Henry Ridley. When Ridley was made Singapore's botanical gardens director, he developed a
method of tapping the sap from the rubber trees which were planted there and in the gardens in Ceylon
(now Sri Lanka), says Ruud Spruit in his book The Land of the Sultans.
Tan, who visited Ridley in Singapore at the latter's request, was so taken up by rubber that he decided
to take the historic nine seedlings from Singapore and plant them here, convinced that there was great
potential in these trees which were native to South America. Subsequently, Tan began to convert his
ancestral tapioca plantations into rubber estates. He fervently asked other planters to follow suit.
"He would carry rubber seeds in his pockets all the time, and when he met people, he would fish out
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 29Top

Page 2 of 2
the seeds and give them away. This was his way to convince people to invest in rubber," says clansman
Tan Mah Seng.
Soon, planters here and other states were converting their tapioca, pineapple and coconut plantations
into rubber estates and cashing in on the new crop. Many became millionaires.
Tan and his family also have a reputation as philanthropists. Tan himself was known to give plots of
land and cash to charity. He is recorded as having given scholarships to secondary school students
here under his father's name. He also gave RM 15,000 towards the setting up of a medical college -
but the records did not point out clearly whether the college was in Singapore or England.
Tan died of malaria at the age of 46. A relative believed he could have caught it during the long hours
spent at the rubber plantations. His wife, Chua Ruan Neo, a tenth generation Nyonya here, continued
with the family tradition of giving. Apart from donations of land (e.g. the Boy Scout Camp at Pantai
Kundur ) and money, she even gave an undisclosed large sum of money to the British government
during World War II.
The couple had seven children - six daughters and a son. In recognition of Tan's contribution to the
state and country, the authorities renamed Jalan Kampung Empat as Jalan Tan Chay Yan.

Jalan Tan Chay Yan in Melaka
Year 2002

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 30Top

Famous Malaccans
TUN TAN CHENG LOCK ( 1883 to 1960 )
Tun Tan Cheng Lock (1883 to 1960 )
Tun Tan Cheng Lock was a public leader who contributed a lot to the struggles of the Chinese
community in Malaya especially in the fields of politics, education and social welfare.
He was born on 5th. April 1883 at Heeren Street, Melaka and was the third son in a family of
seven sisters and brothers. He received his early education at Malacca High School in 1899 and at
Raffles Institution, Singapore. In 1902, he was a teacher at Raffles Institution, Singapore. In
1908, after 6 years of service as a teacher, he resigned.
He continued his work in the rubber industry as an Assistant Manager in a rubber estate owned by
his cousin i.e. Bukit Kajang Rubber Estates Ltd. and was nominated as a visiting agent to Nyalas
Rubber Estate, Melaka. In 1909, he started his own company by the name of Melaka Pindah
Rubber Estates Ltd., United Malacca Rubber Estates and Ayer Molek Estates Ltd.
In 1913, Tun Tan Cheng Lock married Mdm.Yeo Yeok Neo, daughter to Mr. Yeo Tin Thye, who
was then President of the Melaka Hokkien Association. His marriage was rewarded with a son,
Tun Tan Siew Sin (future Finance Minister of Malaysia ) and four daughters viz. Kim Tin, Wee
Geok Kim, Alice Kim Yoke and Agnes Kim Lwi.
He was nominated by the British government as a Melaka Council commissioner in 1912 and was
also nominated as the Justice of Peace Melaka. After a few months, he was also nominated as the
Commissioner of the Town Council for towns and Melaka Port.
In 1914, Tun Tan Cheng Lock revived the Malacca Chinese Volunteer and became an ordinary
member until 1919. He was also responsible for reviving the Straits Chinese British Association
(SCBA) in 1915 and was elected as President. In 1923, he was elected as an unofficial member of
the Straits Settlement Council.
With the formation of the Malayan Union on 1st. April 1946 by the British, he was given the
opportunity to offer a permanent political settlement to the Chinese who came to Malaya then.
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 31Top

This matter was raised in 1946 when he was in India. He started the “Overseas Chinese
Association of India” (OCAI) which sent a memorandum to the Colonial Office to introduce
citizenship for those who were not born in Malaya. This issue was one of the principal in the
setting up of Malayan Union.
The opposition of the Malayan Union by the Malays caused Tun Tan Cheng Lock and the
Communist Party of Malaya to work with the Parti Kebangsaan Melayu Malaya (PKMM) to
oppose UMNO under the leadership of Dato’ Onn Jaafar. Tun Tan Cheng Lock and his friends
started the All Malayan Council of Joint Action (AMCJA) and co-operated with PUTERA (Pusat
Tindakan Rakyat) under the leadership of PKMM.
UMNO received their support from the Conference of Malay Rulers and the British abolished the
Malayan Union and formed the Federation of Malaya in 1948. With the formation of the
Federation, the Malay states, their rulers and the political system of the Malays before 1941, was
recognised back by the British. Citizenship must be given to the Malays and the rules for
registration of citizenship were tightened up again.
This policy received objection from the business community. The Communist Party of Malaya
started an armed revolution and a State of Emergency was declared. All leftist political parties
and their leaders were arrested. Tun Tan Cheng Lock, who was not considered leftist, was saved
from such action. He carried out a policy of co-operation with the British and the Malays within
the party sanctioned by the British.
On 27th. February 1949, Tun Tan Cheng Lock together with other Chinese leaders such as Tun
Leong Yew Koh and Colonel H.S.Lee foundered the Malayan Chinese Association (MCA). The
reasons for forming MCA was to unite the Chinese in Malaya, protect the rights and importance
of the Chinese, to work with the government to oppose communism and to work together with
other races to achieve independence for Malaya. As the President of MCA, he headed the
campaigns across Malaya. These campaigns attracted about 200,000 members and branches of
MCA were set up.
The number of members and branches of MCA grew with time. The task of MCA was
challenging as MCA needed to prove to the British Government that a vast majority of Chinese
were loyal citizens and they did not symphatise with the Communist struggle. MCA was a
movement to represent the Chinese and co-operated with the British. MCA worked closely with
the British government to weaken the Communist struggle who were using force to achieve
One of MCA contribution in this effort was to carry out the relocation of Chinese into new
villages, away from the forest fringes. People was moved into new villages which were safer and
orderly. This effort received support from members and MCA branches contributed money. A
social welfare organisation was set up at the headquarters of MCA so that MCA can provide aid
and assistance to the new villages.
The effort by the MCA fostered racial co-operation between races. This step encouraged the
British Government to ensure that in the future, the foundation of the Federation of Malaya must
be based on the co-operation of various races.
This co-operation of races became an agenda for the Federation of Malaya. Tun Tan Cheng Lock,
as leader of MCA supported the idea of Dato’ Onn to form “Independence Malaya Party (IMP).
IMP was formed on 26th. September 1951 in Kuala Lumpur with the co-operation of various races
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 32Top

as her theme of struggle. However, within three years of her formation, the co-operation of Tun
Tan Cheng Lock and MCA was choppy. This was due to the fact that Dato’ Onn was not co-
operative on the question of citizenship.
In 1952, the State Nationality was passed which imposed restrictions to the non-Malays. Dato’
Onn introduced the Immigration Act 1952, 1953 and the Business Act 1953 which affected the
Chinese members of IMP. The differences between Tun Tan Cheng Lock and Dato’ Onn in IMP
started when with Tan’s support of H.S.Lee actions by co-operating with UMNO in the elections
of the Kuala Lumpur Council in February 1952. Dato’ Onn openly criticised the political actions
of the Chinese and this brought about the support of Tun Tan Cheng Lock and MCA with UMNO
which was led by Tunku Abdul Rahman.
Tun Tan Cheng Lock brought MCA into the National Convention sponsored by UMNO on 23rd.
August 1953. Co-operation was sealed between UMNO and MCA with the understanding of
achieving independence through peaceful means. The formation of Alliance with MCA, UMNO
and MIC quickened the process of independence when Alliance won 51 of the 52 seats in the
Federal elections in 1955. The ambition of Tun Tan Cheng Lock of achieving citizenship status
was realised when UMNO accepted this principal. This principal was included in the
memorandum of Alliance and was submitted to the Reid Commission which was tasked in
writing the Constitution of the Federation.
In a period of about 40 years, Tun Tan Cheng Lock provided the leadership and fought for the
politics, education and welfare of the Chinese in Malaya. In his struggles, he used the political
and economic arenas. He put forward ideas brought up by the community he represented.
Besides using debate, speeches, criticism and commentary, he used memorandum and petition in
raising the issues.
These methods were used when he was in the Straits Settlement Councils. When he was the
leader of MCA, he encouraged the spirit of co-operation between the Malays and Indians.
Alliance was the platform for achieving independence and a stable political arena. This
foundation of co-operation was fostered in Alliance and was followed by future generations such
as the formation of Barisan Nasional.
To honour his service rendered to the nation, he was installed the British government, Federation
and State. He was conferred the title “Tun” by DYMM Seri Baginda Yang dipertuan Agong in
1958., D.P.M.J in 1949 by Sultan Ibrahim of Johor, “Commander of the British Empire (CBE) in
1949 and “The Knight Commander of the British Empire (KBE)” by King George VI which
carried the “Sir” title in 1952.
Tun Tan Cheng Lock passed away on 13th. december 1960 at the age of 77 years old.
Copyright : 2004
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 33Top

The Antique Street
Page 1 of 2
file://D:\eMelaka\The Antique Street.htm
LIFESTYLE > Malaysia
By Lee Min Keong
November 9, 2000
While Malacca can rightly claim to have a prominent place in Malaysia's history, it is in the
city's Jonker Street that one can actually buy a piece of history. This narrow street, which
houses some of the Malacca's oldest dwellings, is an antique shopper's paradise.
Many artifacts and antique items, some dating as far
back as 300 years, are displayed at the more than 15
antique shops which line the busy street, also
affectionately known as the "street of antiques".
Given Malacca's colourful history and its unique blend
of races, artifacts from the different periods of colonial
rule - Portuguese, Dutch and English - are found in
these shops. Many of the antiques available bear
Chinese origins, reflecting the influence of the Straits
Chinese (baba and nyonyas) and the later Chinese
immigrants to then Malaya.
While at Jonker Street, one has to exercise caution and
be fairly knowledgeable to avoid purchasing items
passed off allegedly as antiques. Prices for similar
items are sometimes known to vary widely among the
shops, so be prepared to do shop around. Tough
bargaining for items which interest you would definitely
be a prudent practice.
While several of these antique shops were
operating at the turn of the last century, it was
only in the last decade or two that the number of
antique shops increased significantly. Probably in
response to the burgeoning tourist market, many
of these antique shops also double up by selling
souvenirs and handicraft. On busy days, hundreds
of foreign tourists throng Jonker Street.
However, most of the people who purchase
antiques there are actually Malaysians. Antique
dealer Sulega Moidu says almost 85 per cent of
her shop's sales were from locals. She laments
that tourists, especially those who arrive in tour
buses, have hardly enough time to sift through the artifacts and make a purchase.
Moidu's shop, Abdul Company, was started by one of her husband's close relatives about 70
years ago. "We sell everything from antique furniture, Chinese porcelain, brassware, cast
iron beds to lamps," says Moidu, adding the antiques are sourced from all over Malaysia.
Centuries-old Indonesian wood carvings are also
found in Jonker Street antique shops.
Antique shops abound in historical Malacca.
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 34Top

The Antique Street
Page 2 of 2
file://D:\eMelaka\The Antique Street.htm
One of shop's prized possession is a
120-year-old nyonya wedding bed
which has made it to Hollywood's silver
screen. "This bed was rented out for the
movie 'Anna and the King.' In the film,
it was used by the Siam king's first
wife," she claims. Moidu values the bed
at between 50,000 ringgit and 100,000
However, Jonker Street is more than
just antique and souvenir shops. Apart
from small traditional businesses, there
are also several art galleries.
A walk down the narrow street, now
renamed Jalan Hang Jebat, is like
walking back in time. Here, one can find
houses built in the 17th century. Many of the dwellings are very spacious and up to 50
metres in length.
So, whether you buy a piece of history at the antique shops or just marvel at the old world
charm that is uniquely Malacca, a visit to Jonker Street must be on your itinerary when you
visit Malaysia's historical city. -
A worker repairing antique furniture.
• Business • Market Watch • Current Affairs • Lifestyle • Fact-Files • Archives
Copyright © 2000 Asia-Pacific Editorial Consultants. All rights reserved.
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 35Top

tourism melaka\BungaRaya
Page 1 of 2
Eating Out in Historical Melaka
Jalan Bunga Raya and Jalan Kee Ann Area
Jalan Bunga Raya and Jalan Kee Ann is a MUST stop for locals and visitors alike if they want to
taste authentic Malaccan cuisines eaten by local Malaccans. You can savour local foods and desserts
during lunch hours and in the evenings by visiting the hawker stalls and hawker centre located along
Jalan Bunga Raya and Jalan Kee Ann.

One reknown eating centre located along busy Jalan
Bunga Raya is the Bunga Raya Lane Hawker Centre.
There are a number of hawker stalls operating here.

One special stall that sells the
Malacca's famous Pork Rice operated
by the Ho Family. This stall has been
in operation for the 3 generations
under the Ho family. It was opened
before the 2nd. World War. Serves
excellent barbequed pork, sausages,
roast chicken, kangkong and the
special sweet meat made from liver &
pork (Long Yok) As far as we know,
this long yok is only available here in
Malacca. No other places in Malaysia
serves this special meat - highly
recommended to all visitors. This stall is only opened during lunch hours from 11.00am to 3.00pm and
closes fortnightly either on Wednesday or Thursday.
During the Night
At night, Malacca's famous fried oyster ( Hor Chien ) stall operates here. They have been operating
here before the 2nd. World War and the fried oysters used to be fried over a firewood fire. Now, they
are fried by gas burners instead. Ever popular with Malaccans, you will see cars parked along the right
of this narrow street during the night for their fried oysters.
Another popular stall next to this hawker centre is the wan tan mee stall which also operates at night
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 36Top

tourism melaka\BungaRaya
Page 2 of 2
at the coffee shop next door. It is opened from 7.00pm till midnight.
Further down the road, you will find Malacca's famous "Yau cha Kwai" located just beside Mimosa
Hotel. The delicious
Fried Raddish stall is located at the lane besides Tong Wah Optical Shop while for the adventurous,
you can eat your "See ham" (cockles) on the road side.
Further down Jalan Kee Ann, you will be able to savior the various eating stalls at the Jalan Kee Ann
Night Hawker Stalls. Different varieties of local food are available nightly where food lovers can eat
their food on the street and watch the world go by. Certainly a place for the visitors and locals alike to
eat, see and experience the night activities in Melaka.
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 37Top

Page 1 of 2
Shopping in Melaka
Melaka Raya Area
Melaka Raya is built on the reclaimed land near to the Bandar Hilir padang area.The land was
reclaimed from the Straits of Malacca in early 1980's & today the area consists of a commercial centre,
two shopping centres, a medical centre, two service apartment hotels and a 5-Star international class
hotel. The area is also reknown for her night entertainment outlets and the recently opened "Melaka
Raya Walk".
Easily accessible from the "Melaka Old & New Chinatown" areas via the recently opened Sungei
Melaka Bridge from Tranquerah and from the Ujong Pasir in the South, Melaka Raya offers visitors
another avenue for shopping & entertainment in the historic City of Melaka.
Airconditioned Shopping Complexes

The first fully airconditioned 4 storeys shopping complex in
Melaka Raya is the "Mahkota Parade". Built and opened in
mid 1990's, this shopping complex is very popular with locals
and visitors alike. There is abundant car parks and a major
Departmental Store named "Parkson Grand" operates here.
Within this shopping complex, there are numerous shopping
outlets ranging from food outlets, photograph shops, book
shops, souvenir shops, bowling alley named "Golden Bowl" &
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 38Top

Page 2 of 2
cineplexes. "Mahkota Parade" is, indeed, a one-stop family shopping & entertaining centre.
Slightly down the main road is the "Plaza Melaka Raya" where the "Senyum" Departmental Store"
is located. This shopping complex offers free parking to visitors and there are interesting shopping
outlets which sell clothing, compact discs & electronic goods to patrons.
Service Apartment Hotel & an International Class 5-Star Hotel
A popular international class Service Apartment operating here is the "Century Mahkota
Hotel".Century Mahkota Hotel Malacca is situated on the waterfront and is just next to Malacca's
new commercial hub at Melaka Raya. Directly across the road is the Mahkota Parade, Malacca's
award winning shopping and leisure complex that caters to your every need for fun, food and fashion.
Century Mahkota Hotel, Melaka has 617 guest rooms and suites configured as 1,2,3 bedroom
apartments, Executive and Presidential Suites. All the apartments are fully furnished with a small
kitchenette and patrons can either select the seaview or inland view apartments.
Another 5-star Hotel located here is the "Equatorial Hotel, Melaka". This 400 rooms international
class hotel is being managed by the Equatorial Hotel Chain. This hotel offers an international class
hotel within the historical sites of Melaka.
Dining & Entertainment
There are numerous eating and entertainment outlets at Melaka Raya. During the day, local fare such
as Chicken Rice Ball Restaurants, Tangkak Beef Noodles, Seafood Restaurants, Peranakan, Chinese,
Malay and Indian restaurants are opened for business.
One highly recommended Peranakan Restaurant is Restoran Indah Sayang operated by Mr. Peter Tay.
The Assam Fish Head/Prawns is their signature dish and the Chendol is a must as a dessert. Visitors
must make a point to have their lunches and dinners at this unique restaurant. They are opened from
12.00noon to 4.00pm and from 5.30pm to 10.30pm daily except every Thursday.
During the night, karoake lounges, cafes, pubs, entertainment outlets and restaurants are open to
patrons. Some of these outlets are opened until after midnight for patrons who wish to have an
enjoyable time at the coffee houses, karoake lounges and restaurants.
From June 1st. 2003, a new night market has been proposed for Melaka Raya. It will be situated close
to Melaka Raya 1 and Melaka Raya 2 - just behind the Mahkota Medical Centre.
Copyright MMIII
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 39Top

BukitBaru Area
Page 1 of 1
Shopping in Melaka
Bukit Baru Area
Bukit Baru or New Hill is the sub-urban residential area located about 10 kilometers from the heart
of Melaka City. It is easily accessible by the Air Keroh Highway from the North-South Highway and
from the Melaka Ring Road via Malim, Bacang and Semabok.
Around this middle & upper middle class area is the Jusco Shopping Centre and the Kota Mas
Shopping Centre which offer One-Stop Family Shopping Experience to shoppers. With abundant car
parkings, these two shopping centres attract numerous shoppers especially during the weekends.
Jusco Shopping Centre

The Jusco Departmental Store in Melaka is very popular with
the local Malaccans. In the last two years, Jusco Departmental
Store has virtually doubled her floor space. There are ample
car parking for shoppers and you can see most of the branded
fast food shops such as MacDonalds, KFC Fried Chicken and
many more speciality shops.For shoppers who want a variety
of goods at good value for money, a visit to Jusco Shopping
Centre is a must when you visit Melaka. You must not miss
the chance to shop in an air-conditioned upmarket shopping centre which practically has something
which you will like.
Kota Mas Shopping Centre
Just across Jusco Departmental Store is the Kota Mas Shopping Centre. Anchor tenants in this
shopping centre include " The Store", Telekoms, A & W and other shops which sell CDs, tapes and
other wares.
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 40Top

Located on the West Coast of the Malaysian Peninsular is the state of Melaka (or as it was
formerly known as Malacca).
Melaka is about 120 km south east of Kuala Lumpur, 100km south east of Kuala Lumpur
International Airport (KLIA) and about 250 km. north-west of Singapore and is easily
accessible by road via the North-South highway.
Getting There
Melaka is easily accessible from major points of the country by road, rail, or sea. However,
the most recommended means would be by road (private or public transport such as express
bus services and taxis), in order to enjoy the scenic experience of traveling through tropical
greens of rubber estates and palm oil plantations. However, limited train services are available
from Singapore or Kuala Lumpur but stops at Tampin Station which is about 36 km from
Melaka City. Sea cruises from Singapore or Port Klang and sea ferry services from Dumai,
Indonesia are also available.
International Air Access
The main international gateway in Malaysia is the Kuala Lumpur International Airport
(KLIA) and is the home gateway of our Malaysia Airlines (MAS). MAS has direct international
flights from Kuala Lumpur to and from most major airports in Europe, ASEAN countries, Asia,
U.S.A., Middle East, South Asia ( India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka etc.), Africa and South America.
Some regional airlines also fly into Melaka Airport from Sumatra or Java, Indonesia.
For Southern Air access to Melaka, international air travellers can travel into Singapore and
then travel to Melaka by road via airconditioned express buses or air-conditioned public taxis.
For the adventurous, you can drive up/down by using rented cars on the North-South
Immigration Regulations
Every person entering Malaysia must possess a valid National Passport or Internationally
recognized Travel Document valid for travel to Malaysia. Any person not in possession of a
Passport or Travel Document which is recognized by Malaysian Government, must obtain a
Document in lieu of Passport. Application for the Document in lieu of Passport can be made at
any Malaysian Representative Office abroad. Holders of Travel Documents like a Certificate of
Identity, Laisser Passer, Titre de Voyage or a Country's Certificate of Permanent Residence
must ensure that their return to the country which issued the document or the country of
residence is guaranteed. The documents shall be valid, for more than six (6) months from the
date of entry into Malaysia.
Visa Requirement :-
Foreign nationals who require a Visa to enter Malaysia must apply and obtain a Visa in
advance at Malaysian Representative Office before entering the country. A visa is an
endorsement in a passport or other recognized travel document of foreigner indicating that the
holder has applied for permission to enter Malaysia and that permission has been granted.
Foreign nationals who require a Visa to enter Malaysia must apply and obtain a Visa in
advance at any Malaysian Representative Office abroad before entering the country. Visa,
which has been granted is not absolute guarantee that the holder will be allowed to enter
Malaysia.The final decision lies with the Immigration Officer at the entry point. 2004
PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 41Top

Jalan P
anglima A
Jalan Panglim
a Awang
n Ma
Jalan B
Jalan T
un Ali
Jalan T
un Mutahi
Jalan Ta
ming Sa
Jalan Bukit Serindit
a A
Jalan Bukit Baru
Jalan Bukit Baru
To A
ir K
& Nor
it Bar
Jalan T
un S
ri L
Jalan Parameswara
Jalan Hujung P
Jalan Taman
Jalan Merdek
n Sy
ed Ab
dul A
an Qu
Lrg. Hang J
an B
unga R
Jalan B
n A
an Ong Kim
an K
ota Laksamana
Jalan T
un P
Melaka Raya
To Muar &
Jalan La
Sungai Melaka/Malacca River
an K
aits of Malacca
Jalan Kee Ann
Pulau Melaka
Welcome to Melaka
Copyright 2002
To Cheng &
Alor G
Jln T
Tan Cheng L
Hang J
Melaka Chinatown
Taman Sejarah,
Merdeka & Pahlawan
Bukit Cina &
Sam Poh Kong
Kampung Morten
Portuguese Settlement
& St John's Hill
Mahkota Melaka &
Melaka Raya
Kampung Chitty
To Por
t Dickson
& Klebang
lan Tha
y A
Jalan Ha
JalanPuteriHang Li Poh
Jalan Tun Tan SiewSin
Jln M
t S
Bus &
Page 42Top

St. Paul’s Hill
A Famosa
Christ Church
Malaysia Youth Museum
St. Francis Xavier’s Church
Hang Jebat’s Mausoleum
Jonker Street
Sri Poyyatha Vinayagar Moorthi Temple
Kampung Kling Mosque
Baba & Nyonya Heritage
Cheng Hoon Teng Temple
Hang Kasturi’s Mausoleum
Kampung Hulu Mosque
Church of Rozario Ruins
St. Peter’s Church
Sam Poh Kong Temple
Hang Li Po’s Well
Malacca River Cruise Jetty
Chinatown Map
Kee Ann Road Night Hawker Stalls
2. MK Bingo Cafe
3. Bunga Raya Square (Open during the Day)
Bunga Raya Lane
Tai Chong Ice Cafe
Savoy Hawker Stalls
Discovery Cafe
Laksa Lim Hawker Stalls
Capitol Satay Celup
Siang Malam Hawker Stalls
UE Tea House
Chop Chung Wah Chicken Rice
Hoe Kee Chicken Rice
Jonkers Nyonya Restaurant
Bunga Raya Hawker Stalls
Restoran Lee
Renaissance Melaka Hotel
City Bayview Hotel
Orchid Hotel
Accordian Hotel
Emperor Hotel
Palace Hotel
Mimosa Hotel
New Regal Hotel
9. Hallmark Hotel
Hotel Puri
Baba House
Heeren House
Eastern Heritage
Madam King Department Store,
Jln. Bunga Raya & Jln. Kee Ann
Tan Kim Hock Product Centre
Kee Ann Road Night Market (Daily)
Pasar Baru Bazaar
Orang Utan House
Antique Shops at Jonker St.
Jonker Walk (Open on Friday,
Saturday & Sunday nights only)
Little India
Southern Hospital
Old Sector - Western Bank Of Malacca River
New Sector - Eastern Bank Of Malacca River
G. P
Central Market
Page 43Top

eMelaka\Full Day Melaka Tour
Page 1 of 2
file://D:\eMelaka\Full Day Melaka Tour.html
(Incorporating Malacca City Historical Tour & Malacca Cultural Heritage Tour)
(Code EMP 1001)

This Full Day Malacca City Tour is specially designed for visitors to our Historical City of Malacca
who want to know more about Malacca’s rich history and her cultural heritage evolved over a period
of more than 600 years.
The first part of the tour covers the Historical Tour of Malacca while the last part covers her diverse
Cultural Heritage.
During the Historic City Tour, visitors will be visiting various historical places around the city.

The Dutch Square at the heart of the City, you will see The Stadthuys, Tan Beng Swee Clock
Tower, Queen Victoria Fountain and the famous Christ Church. By walking across the Malacca
River from the Dutch Square, you will see the long houses of Heeren Street and the antique shops at
Jonker Street. A visit to the Baba Nyonya Heritage Museum is recommended but this visit is
After walking to the end of Heeren/Jonker Streets, you will visit Harmony Street of Malacca.

Here, you can see and visit the oldest Chinese Temple in Malacca and
Malaysia namely
Cheng Hoon Teng Temple.
Further down, you will see the Kampong Kling Mosque
and the Sri Vinayagar Temple all along the same street.

You will then be ferried to the St. Paul’s Hill Complex to view the
Independence Memorial, Porta de Santiago commonly called "A
Famosa", the ruins of St. Paul’s Church where Malacca's Saint Francis
Xavier was once buried and the replica of the Palace of Malacca Sultanate.

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version
Page 44Top

eMelaka\Full Day Melaka Tour
Page 2 of 2
file://D:\eMelaka\Full Day Melaka Tour.html

Then after, you will visit the Portuguese Settlement where the descendents of the Portuguese still live
here in Malacca and speak the ancient language of Cristao. You can buy souvenirs and have lunch at
the Portuguese Square as an option where you can try the spicy hot Devil ’s Curry and other famous
Portuguese cuisine.
After lunch (optional), you continue your day tour by going on to the Malacca Cultural Heritage
Tour. This tour will enlighten you on the different lifestyles and cultural aspects of the various
intriguing ethnic groups in Malacca.
Termed as the “Peranakans”, these various ethnic groups comprising of the Malacca Malays, Babas &
Nyonyas, Portuguese Eurasians and the Chittys have lived harmoniously in Malacca even before the
arrival of the Dutch in 1641.
You shall be fascinated with the different ways of life ranging from their unique cuisine, ceremonies,
abodes and their spoken languages.
The Full Day Malacca City Tour ends and we wish our honoured guests "Selamat Jalan" or Bon
Voyage. We hope to see you again in historical Malacca.
Further information & the rates on this Full Day Malacca City Tour
or for bookings ( Minimum 2 persons ), please contact :
Copyright MMII

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version